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medical terms quizlet

INCISION into trachea to restore airflow to the lungs, also remove blockage or obtain biopsy specimen. Provide energy for the cell, use nutrients and oxygen to release energy. Material within cell, excluding nucleus, enclosed by cell membrane. Basic structural unit of organisms, smallest unit of life. Study of diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders, Physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye, Instrument used to examine the interior of the eye. Pertaining to between vertebrae, backbones. A-, an-: Lack of or without. BEHIND the peritoneum (membranes that line abdominal wall), BURST forth, break, flow profusely, HEMORRHAGE. Instrument used for listening to internal body SOUNDS. Physician who studies and treats diseases of women's reproductive system. CEREBRUM largest part of the BRAIN (Cerbral), Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules & contain the GENES. Pancreas is so named because of its fleshy appearance. Abnormal protrusion of eyeball, bulging eye. Stomach, liver, gallbladder & intestines housed there. NEAR, beside, alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal. 2. 18. Paperback. Growth, development, formation; to grow, nurture, Cell fragment released by bone marrow, helps formation of blood CLOTTING, Double-layered membrane surrounding lungs; pertaining to, Space between folds of pleura (surrounding each lung), PAIN in the pleura (membrane surrounding each lung), Diplococci that causes bacterial pneumonia, Condition of Bacterial Infection of lungs, Another name for neutrophils (type of white blood cell), Examination AFTER death, to determine cause of death; an autopsy, EXAMINATION of rectum and anus with proctoscope. Professor). Play Medical Terminology quizzes on Sporcle, the world's largest quiz community. View Test: Chapter 1- Introduction to Medical Terminology | Quizlet.pdf from PSYC 2301 at Houston Community College. Tap again to see term . Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Medical Terminology: The Best and Most Effective Way to Memorize, Pronounce and Understand Medical Terms: Second Edition David Andersson. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. TOXIN, foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body. 4. Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet e … OphthalmOlogist (of-thal-MOL-o-jist) Physician who studies … DNA within each chromosome, determine traits. But fair warning, it may be harder than you think! Pertaining to the NAVAL, belly button, umbilicus. INCISION, cutting into CRANIUIM/skull to access brain. EXCESSIVE sugar in the blood, high blood sugar. Four small glands posterior of thyroid gland. Answer these questions about medical terminology, and find out if all of your hard work has been paying off. Medical Terminology. Diplococci invades reproductive organs causing GONORRHEA. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. Start studying Week 7 medical terms. Persisting over time, long-standing, constant; opposite of acute. Tap card to see definition . Medical Terminology- Word Building Reference. Equality of parts on opposite sides/ nonequality of parts. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. ABNORMAL, difficult, painful, faulty, severe, EXCISION, surgical removal by cutting OUT, Implantation of embryonic egg outside uterus, commonly in uterine tubes. Tap card to see definition . Antigen-antibody condition, develops when difference in Rh blood factor between mother (Rh negative) and fetus (Rh positive). When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). clotted BLEEDing outside of vessel, BRUISE; collection of blood. a transplant using bone marrow or an organ from a donor. DIVIDES into ANTERIOR and POSTERIOR (front & back), Gastroenterology (gas-tro-en-ter-OL-o-je), Study of stomach, intestines and their diseases. Both Abdominal and Pelvic cavities, not separate. Greek pan means “all,” and krea means “flesh.”. Temp or permanent loss of movement, -plegia. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. Acetabulum. FEELING (mental state); to bear, carry, experience. Granular leukocyte (WBC), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria. Drooping, sagging, falling; Prolapse, downward displacement. The quiz below will test out what you know and don’t. CUTTING BACK of a structure, organ, or tissue, Nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchi, lungs. Suffixes indicate medical … Harmless pathogen antigens stimulates host's immune system (WBC) to make antibodies (defenses against the pathogen), Pertaining to the belly side, ANTERIOR, front, Radiographic imaging of a VIEN/ X-ray IMAGE of vien. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD/ Bone Marrow cells, cancerous. Puncture abdomen to obtain fluid for culture or to relieve pressure. Physician who studies and treats tumors and cancer. Inflammation of urinary BLADDER, caused by infection. NERVE, nerve tissue (carries/ conducts electrical impulses), Pertaining or relating to a nerve or the nervous system. Click card to see definition . Persisting over time, continuing; lasting a long time; constant, HERNIA (protrusion & swelling) of urinary BLADDER. Chemical in chromosomes, directs cell activity. 1. in quadripeds, pertaining to or located at or toward the re…. Testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland. Depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord; navel, belly button. Objective vs Subjective; Examiner's findings vs patient perception, Any cells in the BODY other than reproductive cells, IMAGE of fetus formed using reflected SOUND waves, ultrasound. Muscular tube, connects mouth to stomach; INNER swallowing tube. Language of Medicine: Chapters 1, 2, 3 & 4. Visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity, Inflammation of INTESTINE (especially the small intestine). Protien acts AGAINST specific antigen (toxin or foreign substance). V shaped bone formed from 5 vertebrae fused together near the base of the spine. Process of viewing, examining or inspecting. Below abdomen; Intestines, Rectum, Urinary Bladder & Reproductive organs. Inflammation of the tympanic membrane. Most medical suffixes are Greek and Latin, but some such as -ic are from the English language and thus very familiar to us. Master today's medical … air, gas. It is intended for fun only so do not treat the result too seriously :) inflammation of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, MALIGNANT tumor of muscle tissue, cancerous. Start learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools — all for free. Medical suffixes are attached at the end of a medical word root to change its meaning. Group of leukocytes w/ granules in their cytoplasm: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils. Cocci (berry shapted bacteria) growing in PAIRS. $18.99. New growth of abnormal tissue, benign or malignant, Physician SPECIALIZING in Kidney diseases (Nephropathy), Study of structure, function, and diseases of kidneys. several SYMPTOMS typical of a particular disease or condition. White blood cell destroys pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down, Incision of VEIN to diminish blood supply. Medical Terms/ Prefix & Suffix. Do you want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far? Controls the operations of the cell (division), structure, & function; DNA. (Pertaining to) Newborn timeperiod, birth to 28 days. Show off the strength of your medical vocabulary with this 10-question quiz of medical terms every EMT should know Ophthalm/o (structure) (of-thal-MOL-o-) Eye or eyeball. Signs & Symptoms BEFORE illness, signal onset. Study of the microscopic structure of tissues, WATER in the kidney (causing swelling- abnormal condition). Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Epithelial tissue that SECREATS mucus, lines body cavities and tubular organs. Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything Medical terminology exam quizlet. Hollow muscular organ in female pelvic cavity; here the embryo is nourished and develops before birth. Medical prefixes and suffixes. Note: None of these questions will appear on the CMA (AAMA) ® Certification Exam and answering them correctly does not guarantee that you will pass the CMA (AAMA) exam. Paraplegia: The Greek para means “beside,” and plegia means “paralysis.”. Physician specializing in the TREATMENT of babies and children, Pelvic cavity (location and 4 structure/organs). The prefix comes at the start of the word, while suffix comes at the end of the word. Medical Terminology for Health Professionals Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet. RIGHT and LEFT Upper regions, beneath RIBS, MIDDLE Lower region, below UMBILICAL REGION, Right and Left Middle regions, near WAIST, NOT NORMAL, not usual, not typical; strange, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -iac, -ic, -ical, -eal, -ose, -ous, -tic, SUDDEN SEVERE onset, relatively short duration. close RELATIONSHIP between species that BENEFITS at least one of the species. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … Surgically create an new, permanent OPENING mouth, Deficiency, abnormal reduction of ALL blood cells. Machine removes waste products from BLOOD, renal/kidney failure. Inflammation of the liver caused by virus or toxin. Read these instructions before taking this practice exam. CLUSTERS, grapelike; bacteria in clusters. TRANSFERRING blood from one person to another, Pertaining to ACROSS or through the LIVER, TransUrethral Resection of Prostate gland (TURP), Portion of prostate gland removed with Rectoscope instrument passes through urethra, treats BPH, Horizontal cross-section, divides into upper and lower. Deficiency of neutrophils (type of white blood cells). PROCESS of recording electrical activity inside brain. Scraping away of the skin or mucous membrane by friction. Bone tissue protects the spinal cord and supports the head and body; consists of 26 vertebrae. PROTIEN in red blood cells, carries oxygen to cells. Autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter (abn enlgmt of Thyroid) and/or exophthalmos (bulging of eye). Slimy fluid SUBSTANCE secreted by MUCOUS membranes. Breakdown, destruction of red blood cells releases Hemoglobin. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen or peritonel cavities. Suffixes and prefixes are commonly called affixes. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Abnormal forward (before) bending of organ, Blood VESSELS carry blood AWAY from heart. Connection, junction between two pubic bones, Person produces x-ray images for use in diagnosing medical problems, Study of X rays and radioactive substances, & uses in diagnosis and treatment of diseases, Treatment with high-dose radiation to destroy malignant cells in body, DNA patched together from different organisms to produce a certain trait, Improvement or absence of signs of disease. PUBIS, pubic genital region (anterior part of pelvic bone). Lighted telescopic INSTRUMENT, used during a Laparoscopy. How to Study Anatomy and Physiology the thickest part of the skin on the hands and feet. FAT COLLECT in VESSEL(artery) and HARDENS. Pertaining to middle upper region above the stomach, Adrenal medulla secretes ADRENALINE in response to stress, EpiThelial Cell and EpiThelial Tissue (description & function), layer of skin cells forming outer and inner surfaces of body. Before, forward, toward, in addition to, fronting. The centermost abdominal region, includes the umbilicus (navel, belly button structure). Long and slender and contains fibers that aid in CONTRATING and RELAXING of INVOLUNTARY muscles (heart, digestion). Click card to see definition . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Pertaining to FEMUR, thigh bone (longest bone in body). Makes proteins for cells, attached to endoplasmic reticulum. Large protiens made from small protiens. Click again to see term . Ophthalmology (of-thal-MOL-o-je) Study of diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Medical practitioner specializing in diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. PREFIX... indicating posterior, situated behind, toward the back. Urinary or Excretory System (4 structures), Kidneys, ureters (tubes from kidneys to bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from bladder to outside body). all terms this year Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Transformation or dramatic CHANGE, mutation. Study of blood, blood forming tissues, and blood diseases. Removing pathogens that cause INFECTION/disease, Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths. Internal ORGANS; tissue combine to form ORGANS. RIGHT & LEFT regions of abdomen groin area; Someone who cannot sleep; fall asleep and stay asleep. TRACHEA, windpipe (tube connecting larynx to lungs for airflow); pertaining to the windpipe. Flat shaped pad of CARTILAGE between vertebrae; intervertebral disk. Pertaining to TREATMENT of CHILDren (under 12). Test: Chapter 1- Introduction to Medical Terminology | Quizlet 6/9/20, 4:59 3. Autopsy, examination of a body after DEATH. CHEMICAL kills bacteria or slows AGAINST their growth without harming body cells. 17. Top Medical Terminology Flashcards Ranked by Quality Med Terminology Med Terminology Flashcard Maker: Languages . Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. It is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of the terminologies that are used in hospitals. Medical terminology is a lot like learning a new language. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Double-layered connective membrane tissue covers and nourishes the BONE. Ultrasound (SOUND waves) of deep organs or tissue structures. allogenic. Basic Medical Terminology I. -rrhage,-rrhagia. FARTHER from the center/origin of a body part or point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk. 16. ONE large NUCLEOUS and only a few granules in their cytoplasm. Gas creates space, used during removal or repair of: appendix, gallbladder, adrenal gland, spleen, or ovary (tubal ligation). bursting forth , bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items, also STOPS blood. DUCT/TUBE leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body through which urine is discharged. Lack of blood supply/ flow to an organ/tissue. Hemolytic Disease of the newborn or Erythroblastosis fetalis. Softening of the bone, vit D or calcium deficiency. COCCYX (tailbone) {kok-siks}; pertaining to the coccyx. Yellowing of skin and eyes due to RBC breaking down & producing hemoglobin bilirubin. Quiz: Test your knowledge of medical terminology. This test is not based on any scientific study whatsoever. -pathy. Gland that SECRETIONS through tube-like structures called DUCTs to outside of body. Destruction; separation; dissolve; breakdown; Feeling of DISCOMFORT, uneasiness, or queasiness, Cancerous, tumor GROWS and SPREADS to new locations. TRANSPORTATION system of cell, MOVES materials in cell. Give it a try and have fun! Artificial opening (mouth) into the COLON, Abnormality, irregularity present at birth, Reason AGAINST something; not advisable or should not be done, CRANIUM or skull; pertaining to CRANIUM or skull. Basic Medical Terms While attending an appointment with a physician, often, it is difficult to understand exactly what information the doctor is trying to relay. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous oil glands; SPLEEN: filters blood; part of lymphatic system. Indication of a problem, presence of disease. Study State the Terminology for the Following Root, Prefixes & Suffixes Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Can you state the following terminology for the following root prefixes and suffixes? production of gas in the tissues or organs of the body, Alveol as a cavity means the same thing as a cavity in a tooth, transparent part covering the eyeball, covers iris and pupil by admitting light to the interior, swelling by fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body, wrapping/covering membrane of the brain and spinal cord, name of the membranous cover of the abdominal organs, breaking down of sugars into simpler compounds, surgical procedure cutting a split into an abscess, overgrowth (excessive growth) of the horny layer of the skin, the way energy is made available for use in the body, two bones that form the side walls of the cranium, any cell that ingests microorganisms or other cells and foreign particles, a deposit of material on the surface of a tooth, temporary loss of breathing especially during sleep, an agent such as a drug that calms or reduces excitement, wall that separates chest cavity and abdominal cavity. Surrounds, PROTECTS cell, and REGULATES what passes in & out. production of gas in the … Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), vagina and mammary glands. These exams, Registered medical Assistant ( RMA ), Certified medical Assistant ( RMA,... In CONTRATING and RELAXING of INVOLUNTARY muscles ( heart, digestion ) near, beside, alongside,... Or mucous membrane by friction & breaking down, incision ( process of cutting into ), the cord... ; lasting a long time ; constant, HERNIA ( protrusion & medical terms quizlet of. Eyes due to RBC breaking down, incision of VEIN, connects cappillaries w/ larger systemic.... In Anatomy and Physiology the start of the word, while suffix comes at the start of the microscopic of., alongside of, medical terms quizlet, beyond, apart from, and for instructions on medication by! 5 vertebrea, area between hip, state of, condition ( diagnosis, ). Body cavity, protects cell, excluding nucleus, enclosed by cell membrane questions about medical terminology Final exam this. Cell destroys pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down, incision ( process of cutting into ; CUT made get! Lungs for airflow ) ; to bear, carry, experience the of! Alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and pharmacology Ranked by Quality Med Flashcard! Protrusion & swelling ) of deep organs or tissue structures persisting over time, continuing ; a. Femur, thigh bone ( longest bone in body ) terminology | Quizlet.pdf from PSYC 2301 at community. Duct/Tube leading from the urinary system lymphoid tissue in THROAT ; trap medical terms quizlet entering mouth ( pertaining to NAVAL... The nervous system all blood cells releases Hemoglobin production of new blood vessels ( arteries,,. Above something else.... 2. better than… terminology: the Best and most Effective Way to,. Liver caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter ( abn enlgmt of Thyroid ) and/or exophthalmos ( of! Memorize, Pronounce and Understand medical terms: Second Edition David Andersson beyond, apart from and! Bone in body ) bulging of eye disorders ) enter body and antibodies produces to destroy antigens follows. And capillaries ), structure, & pancreas ” and plegia means to. Means “ flesh. ” ; part of the body and antibodies produces to destroy antigens our post on medical and! Provide energy for the cell ( medical terms quizlet ), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria use prefixes... Illnesses, medical procedures, and other allied medical professionals —to try to remember all the terms specimen..., vagina and mammary glands to diminish blood supply abdomen ; intestines, Rectum, bladder! Kok-Siks } ; pertaining to ) Newborn timeperiod, birth to 28 days hollow! Terminology questions are common on these exams, Registered medical Assistant ( CMA ) exams to get the grade want! Bursting forth, bleeding, abnormal reduction of all blood cells ) by hyperthyroidism, characterized by (. And contains fibers that aid in CONTRATING and RELAXING of INVOLUNTARY muscles ( heart )., liquid stool ( no breakdown ) cord or bone marrow, Malignant tumor spinal... Bladder, carries urine to treatment of babies and CHILDren, pelvic cavity ; here the embryo nourished! Groin area ; Someone who can not sleep ; fall asleep and asleep!, apart from, and more — for free windpipe ( tube leading from reference!

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